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IP,IPv6 Routing Protocols, Internet protocols version six, IPv6

| | Sunday, August 9, 2009
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Source :
Deploying IPv6 Networks
By Ciprian Popoviciu, Eric Levy-Abegnoli, Patrick Grossetete
...............................................
Publisher: Cisco Press
Pub Date: February 10, 2006
IPv6 Packet Format
IPv6 Routing Protocols

Numerous IPv4 routing protocols (RPs) are available for finding routes between networks, and almost every one of them has an IPv6 correspondent or extension: Routing Information Protocol next-generation (RIPng), Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3), Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS), Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), and Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). So far, IPv6 has brought few innovations to the IP routing paradigm. There are still interior gateway protocols (IGPs) and exterior gateway protocols (EGPs), distance vectorbased and link-state-based routing protocol algorithms, and so on.

The concept of the autonomous system, defined as a set of networks controlled by a common administrative entity, remains unchanged with the introduction of IPv6 RPs. The same autonomous system (and autonomous system number [ASN]) will route both IPv4 and IPv6. IPv6 IGPs, used to exchange routes within the autonomous system, are namely RIPng, OSPFv3, IS-IS for IPv6, and EIGRP for IPv6. Only BGP4 is available to exchange IPv6 routes between autonomous systems. Multiprotocol extensions provide support in BGP4 for IPv6 routing.

The requirements for IGPs and EGPs are quite different, in terms of routing table size, number of supported routers, convergence time, security, routing policy, and so forth. For that reason, they use different algorithms and mechanisms, which also affect the type of information they exchange and store. IGPs use distance vector and link state, whereas BGP uses the path vector RP algorithm. The following table represents RP taxonomy, and highlights their IPv6 correspondent. For more details on how to choose the RP, refer to Top-Down Network Design, Second Edition, by Priscilla Oppenheimer.

Table 4-1. Taxonomy of Routing Protocols

Deployment Domain

Algorithm

RP

Scalability

Convergence Time

Metric

IPv6 Version

Interior gateway protocol (IGP)

Distance vector

RIP

15 hops

Slow

Hop count

RIPng



EIGRP

1000s routers

Quick (via DUAL algorithm)

Bandwidth, delay, reliability, load

EIGRP for IPv6


Link state

OSPF

1000s routers (100s/area)

Quick (via LSAs and HELLO)

Cost (function of bandwidth on Cisco routers)

OSPFv3



IS-IS

1000s routers (100s/area)

Quick (via LSPs)

Configured host, delay, expense

IS-IS for IPv6

Exterior gateway protocol (EGP)

Distance vector

EGP



Integer <=255



Path vector

BGP AF=IPv4

1000s routers

Slow (via UPDATE)

Function of path attributes and other configurable factors

BGP AF=IPv6


The rest of this section briefly reviews existing unicast RP technologies. The next section reviews each of the available IPv6 RPs and provides configuration examples. Then the last two sections cover the topic of multihoming and deployment aspects, respectively.



3 responce(s):

martha said...

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Anonymous said...

Can you please give source for scalability entries e.g. 1000s routers for OSPF

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